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mercredi 11 mai 2011

Les lignes de Nazca et Lima

Nous voilà à présent le long de la côte pacifique, à Nazca, célèbre ville pour ses formes géométriques dessinées dans le désert à 20km de là par la civilisation Nazca et Paracas entre 900 avant J.C et 600 de notre ère.
Cette vaste étendue brûlée par le soleil est restée quasi ignorée du monde extérieur jusqu'en 1939, lorsque le scientifique américain Paul Kosok survola le désert et remarqua une série de grandes lignes et de figures tracées sur le sol. Ce site est depuis 1994 classé au patrimoine mondial de l'Unesco et ormis un pauvre mirador au bord d'une route, le seul moyen de les observer est de ...risquer sa vie dans un des petits avions péruviens qui les survolle chaque jour!!!
Nous avons donc pris ce risque...mais le résultat en vallait vraiment la peine!
Constitués de plus de 800 lignes droites, de 300 figures géométriques et de quelque 70 dessins d'animaux et de plantes, ces géoglyphes sont un des plus grand mystère archéologique du monde...
En effet, la question demeure...qui a tracé ces lignes et surtout pourquoi???et comment pouvait-on se rendre compte de l'avancée des dessins alors que les lignes ne se distinguent que du ciel?
Certains pensent que les lignes constituaient un calendrier astronaumique utilisé pour l'agriculture et qu'elles furent tracées grâce à des formules mathématiques sophistiquées...d'autres pensent que les Nazcas avaient des montgolfières et que les géoglyphes correspondraient à un culte de la montagne, de l'eau et de la fertilité...
Enfin, d'autre mettent en cause les extraterrestres?!?

Une chose est certaine ; quand les Nazcas commencèrent à transformer leur désert en oeuvre d'art, ils lancèrent un débat qui devrait encore occuper les archéologues pendant des décénies, voire des siècles!!!

 Notre coucou de 7 places dans lequel nous avons survécu au vol...


Pas rassuré quand même...

 
Vue du ciel des allentours de Nazca

L'astronaute, personnage à la tête en forme de bocal...

 
Le singe


L'arraignée


Les mains...ou la grenouille!


Le colibri

 
Le condor de 130m d'envergure

Pour toutes les autres figures de Nazca, on vous laisse faire le déplacement au Pérou et on vous laisse la surprise des petits désagréments d'un survol de désert...Emilie a failli y laisser son petit déjeuné...
Après une journée passée dans cette ville très aride et sans grand autre intérêt, nous avons rejoint la capitalle péruvienne LIMA!

Avec plus de 8 millions d'habitants, c'est-à-dire environ 1/3 de la population totale du Pérou, nous nous sommes un peu retrouvés...perdus! et nous avons eu du mal à trouver un réel charme à cette capitale...
Outre la gastronomie, nous avons flanné dans les rues du centre historique et de Miraflores, un quartier touristique vraiment sans intérêt!!! 
Quelques photos tout de même... 

 
Plaza des Armas...comme d'habitude!

 

Des églises...un peu partout!
et fréquentées!!!
ici, église San Francisco


Palacio Torre Tagle

 






Danses traditionnelles dans la rue


Des cox partout...et de toutes les couleurs!!!
Ma préférée!

 
Vue sur le Pacifique depuis Miraflores

 


Pour se divertir un peu, nous sommes allés visiter le Parc Magic de l'eau où nombreuses fontaines et effets de lumière sont mis en scène...






Effet...sortie de volcan!!!


Après 2 jours passés à Lima, à déguster bon nombre de plats plus délicieux les uns que les autres et à flanner sans intérêt dans les rues, nous avons mis les voiles en direction de Huaraz, plus au nord du Pérou et plus particulièrement de la Cordillera Blanca, 2e plus haute chaîne de montagnes après l'Himalaya : 22 sommets à plus de 6000 m!!! 


HASTA LUEGO!!!

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